Family Histories

Family Histories for the Rose and Kirkpatrick Families

Saturday, May 16, 2015

52 Ancestors #12 - Francis Marion Tobe Stroud 1845 - 1920

Francis Stroud was born in Franklin, Tennessee in 1845; he was the youngest son, and 11th of the 12 children of Jonathon F. Stroud and Easter Huntsucker.  The family had moved to Franklin from Greenville, South Carolina a few years before Francis's birth; they moved on to Madison, Arkansas by 1860, when he was 15.

When the Civil War began, Arkansas was, of course, a southern state and Francis's older brothers (including my great-great-grandfather) enlisted in the Confederate Army.  His two oldest brothers had married and moved to Texas before the war began, but they both fought for the southern army there.  There were no Union regiments formed in Arkansas in the first two years of the war, however, after the Battle of Bayou Forche near Little Rock in September 1863, a Union victory, northern sympathizers, who had previously gone to other states to enlist, began to form regiments in the state.  In January of 1864, Francis Stroud enlisted in the 1st Arkansas Infantry, Union, at Fayetteville, Arkansas.  He was an 18 year old farmer, and newly married to Lucinda Hamilton. 

The 1st Arkansas was at Ft. Smith after Francis's enlistment until March, when they began moving south on the Camden Expedition toward Shreveport, with an eye on taking that city, and then moving on to Texas.  After the Battle of Marks Mills in April, where 2,000 Union men were captured, the 1st Arkansas began a retreat back toward Little Rock.   The Camden Expedition was one of the worst Union disasters of the war, with more than 2,500 men captured, many wagons taken and no success in taking Shreveport or Texas.  The Confederates retained control of most of Arkansas and the Union forces stayed in Ft. Smith, Little Rock, Pine Bluff and Helena. 

The 1st Arkansas returned to Ft. Smith in May of 1864.  The regiment was frequently sent to rescue Union men and participated in several skirmishes in northwestern Arkansas.  Francis is reported as being present on company muster rolls until September, when he is shown as having deserted on September 25 at Ft. Smith. 

What led Francis to desert just a few months after he enlisted is unknown.  Perhaps the realities of the war that he encountered on the Camden Expedition soured him on it.  Being on the opposite side of the conflict from the rest of his family must have been difficult and may have caused trouble.  He may have simply wanted to return home to his young wife.  Francis continued to be reported as absent without leave until June 16, 1865, when he was arrested and confined to the guard house at Ft. Smith.  How long he was held there is not recorded, however, the war had ended earlier that month, so he may have been released soon after. 

The 1870 census shows Francis living in Madison, Arkansas with his wife and their three-year-old son John, and two-year-old daughter Amanda.  He is a farmer and lives on the farm neighboring his brother (my great-great-grandfather), William.   In 1880 he and his family are living on a farm in Bastrop, Texas (with another son, Joseph) near his eldest brother, Bale.  By 1900, they are back in Madison, where Francis's occupation is listed as U.S. Marshall.  His daughter Amanda and her husband John Littrell and their son live with Francis and Lucinda.  In 1910 he is a retail merchant in a grocery store in Madison.  His children have all married and live nearby.  By 1920, he and Lucinda are living with their son Joe and his family in Ft. Smith.  At 75 years old, Francis is working as a laborer in a scissors factory.   He died in Ft. Smith on December 24, 1920 at 75.   Lucinda died two years later at age 80.  They are buried at the Forest Park Cemetery in Ft. Smith, Arkansas.

Sunday, May 10, 2015

Happy Mother's Day

This is a photo taken in 1989 of me with my firstborn, my mother and her mother.  We were visiting my grandmother at her home in Oklahoma and wanted a four generation photo.  It's not the greatest photograph ever made, but it's a keepsake for me.  My grandmother died about a year later.  My mom is thankfully, still with us at 84.  The baby girl in the picture is now 26.   A sweet reminder of the mothers who came before us and made us the mothers we became. 

Friday, May 8, 2015

Family Recipe Friday: My Favorite Strawberry Jam

It's almost summer and the strawberries are looking better every week.  Here's a jam recipe from Grandma's cookbook, originally published in RNA Magazine in June 1980.

My Favorite Strawberry Jam

4 cups prepared strawberries
4 cups granulated sugar
2 tablespoons lemon juice

Wash, hull and slice strawberries, then measure into a large saucepan.  Add cups of sugar.  Heat and boil hard for 5 minutes, stirring constantly.  Add lemon juice and the remaining 2 cups of sugar.  Bring to a boil and boil hard, stirring constantly, until ready to jell.*  Pour into shallow dish and stir occasionally while cooling.   Let stand overnight to plump fruit.  Pack cold in sterilized jars and seal.  Makes 2 pints.

*Jell test:  Dip a clean metal spoon in boiling jam; hold up edgewise.  When 2 heavy drops form and slide together at edge of spoon, jam is ready to jell.  This takes from 2 to 20 minutes, depending on pectin in fruit.

Thursday, May 7, 2015

Those Places Thursday: Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia

I finally visited the Little White House last week; I live within a couple of hours of Warm Springs, but hadn't ever made the trip. 

The house is surprisingly small, but very lovely.  It's maintained exactly as it was when FDR died there in 1945 (right down to the roll of toilet paper in the bathroom).  There are two small buildings in front of the house, one that is a guest quarters and one that is servant's quarters.  There are also guard posts that were used by Marine and Secret Service guards.

Entrance to the Little White House

Servant's quarters (left) and guest quarters (right0

The house itself has a small kitchen, then opens into a great room with a dining table on one side and sofas and chairs around a fireplace on the other.  Roosevelt's wheelchair sits in the corner of the room.  There are three small bedrooms and two bathrooms in the house, and a patio in the back that looks down over the forest that surrounds the house.  In the kitchen, there is a handwritten note on the wall from Daisy Bonner, the Little White House cook, stating that she had prepared the President's first and last meals at the house.  (The President was to have attended a BBQ and show the night he died.  Mrs. Bonner was going to prepare his favorite dish, Brunswick Stew.)

The President was sitting for a portrait at the time he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage.  He was carried to the bedroom, where he died. 

The famous unfinished portrait is in a separate area of the grounds, along with a finished version the artist did later.  A museum contains a number of artifacts about President Roosevelt and the Depression era. 

Roosevelt's car equipped with special hand controls

Letter to the President from Winston Churchill

The pools where Roosevelt swam to relieve his polio pain are about a mile from the house.  There is a rehabilitation hospital nearby that still contains some of the original cottages from the Roosevelt era. 

Thursday, April 30, 2015

52 Ancestors #11: Francis Stanfield 1642 - 1699

Francis Stanfield was one of the first in the Stanfield family to leave England for the American colonies.  He was born in Cheshire, England  in 1642, the son Samuel Stanfield and Jean Thwaites.  Francis married Grace Achelley at the Worcester, England Friends Monthly Meeting in 1665.  Many of the Stanfields were among the first converts to the Society of Friends (Quakers) in England.  At the time, the Quakers were a strict religious sect who were considered heretics by the Church of England.  They refused to bow or take off their hats to social superiors, believing that all men were equal.  They refused to swear an oath of allegiance to the King, an unpopular belief in a country where the monarchy was thought to have been divinely chosen by God.

The principles and beliefs of the Quakers lead to persecution in England.  Francis was arrested in 1670 for attending a Friends Meeting in Cartop and his property was seized for tithes.  Like many other Quakers, Francis and his family became somewhat nomadic, moving from place to place to avoid persecution.   By 1670, the family was living in Marthall, Cheshire, then moved to Gorton, where they were living just before emigrating.

A group of prominent Quakers including William Penn, had purchased property in 1677 in America with the intention of establishing a colony for Quakers there, and settlers began arriving soon after.  Francis must have been weary of having to move his family, which now included six children, and they made the decision to emigrate to the new colony.  Francis, Grace, James, Sarah, Mary, Grace, Elizabeth and Hannah Stanfield (another daughter, Deborah, would be born after they emigrated),  left Liverpool on the ketch Endeavour in 1683  They also brought along indentured servants Daniel Browne, Thomas Marsey, Isa. Brooksby, Robert Sidbotham, John Smith, Robert Bryan, William Rudway, and Thomas Sidbotham.   The ship sailed up the Delaware River into Philadelphia in  September of 1683, carrying 23 Quaker families.

To undertake a long journey aboard a ship at that time, with six children, indicates how desperately they must have wanted to start a new life free of religious persecution.  Conditions were unsanitary and passengers had to bring along their own provisions for the journey.  Drinking water was  contaminated and ships often arrived at their destination with many of the passengers ill or dead.  The Stanfields, despite having had some of their property seized, were able to escape England with enough assets to purchase land in Chester, Pennsylvania after their arrival.  A 600 acre lot in Marple, west of Philadelphia, is shown on survey maps of 1683 as belonging to Francis Stanfield.  The Stanfields were among the first settlers of Marple, probably named for the village of Marple in Yorkshire, a former home to many of the settlers.  Francis is listed as a "husbandsman" (farmer) on records after his arrival, but over the next few years, he and his son James built a successful trade business.  James is also listed as the co-owner of the property in Marple in later documents.

Grace Stanfield died in October 1691 at age 45 and Francis died the following year, age 50.  Their burial place is not known; there is a burying ground next to the Meeting House in Chester, Pennsylvania, however, there are no records to show if this is their final resting place.

Francis and Grace's children remained in Pennsylvania and in the Quaker faith.  James was a successful merchant in Philadelphia.  He married Mary Hutchinson and had two children, Francis and Mary.  Son Francis died just a few months after his birth in 1696.  James's wife and daughter died in August 1698, and he in September 1699.  Yellow fever was rampant in port cities like Philadelphia in the summer months and it's likely that this was the cause of their deaths.  James was only 31 when he died; his wife Mary was 20 and their daughter Mary was only two.  James, having lost both his wife and children before his own death, left his property and assets to his sisters and their families.

The Stanfield daughters all married and had families, remaining in the Philadelphia area for the remainder of their lives. 

Quaker Document recording Grace and Francis Stanfield's deaths

Saturday, April 25, 2015

Surname Saturday - Stanfill

Stanfill is my mother's maiden name.  The name appears to have originated in a township in Yorkshire, England:  "STANSFIELD, a township, of three divisions, in Halifax parish, [West Riding of] Yorkshire; on the river Calder, the Rochdale canal, and the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway, 4½ miles W of Halifax." (A Vision of Britain Through Time).  A Middle English name meaning stan(e) (stone) + field.

Stansfield Hall, W. Yorkshire, England

Gideon Stansfield's (1601 - 1658) son Samuel (1625 - 1687) emigrated with his wife and children to Pennsylvania some time around 1650.  The family name was soon Stanfield (dropping the s).  Over the next several generations, the family moved south into Virginia, then North Carolina.  Sampson Stanfield (1768 - 1837) moved from North Carolina west to southeastern Kentucky in the early 1800's.  The family name morphed again into Stanfill for some of the family in the 1800's; possibly it became recorded the way it was pronounced by the family (much like "Rebecca" is often written "Rebeker" or "Cynthia" is "Cynthie" on some written records).  The family members may have said their names without the "d" on the end. 

The Stanfills we descend from moved on to the Ozarks of Arkansas in the late 1800's.  I visited the southeastern Kentucky/northeastern Tennessee area they lived in last fall and found many graves with the names spelled both ways.  The present mayor of Campbell, Tennessee is a Stanfield, so apparently the name has survived with both spellings. 

Stanfield Baptist Church, Elk Valley, Tennessee

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

52 Ancestors #10 - Cinthia Caroline Forrester Stroud 1842 - 1930

Cinthia Caroline Forrester Stroud was my great-great grandmother.  She was born on November 1, 1842 in Franklin, Tennessee, the daughter of Josiah and Elizabeth Forrester.  Josiah was born in South Carolina, then began migrating west - working as a farmer in Hickman, Benton and Franklin, Tennessse, before moving on to Madison, Arkansas in the late 1850's.   Caroline and her siblings were all born in Tennessee, but moved along with their parents and settled in Arkansas and Missouri.

Caroline married William "Buck" Stroud in 1861 when she was 18.  He was also a native of Franklin, Tennessee (perhaps they knew each other before moving to Arkansas), the son of Jonathon Stroud and Easter Huntsucker.  Buck was a successful farmer and accrued a fairly sizeable amount of land in Madison County.   He and Caroline had just four children; two sons and two daughters.  For the time, I believe this was a relatively small family.  They lived on their farm and raised their family and lived a fairly comfortable, if uneventful, life.  Buck died in 1914.  The following year Caroline applied for a received a widow's pension for Buck's service in the Confederate Army during the Civil War.  She was awarded a pension of $100.

William "Buck" & Caroline Forrester Stroud

Caroline appears to have lived with her children after her husband's death.  She was living with her son Bale in 1920 and her son Farl (my great-grandfather) in 1930.  She died in  September 1930 at the age of 87.

Buck & Caroline with their children Lizzie, Farl, Bale & Easter, about 1905

Caroline with unidentified grandchild

Caroline's grave at Aurora Cemetery, Madison, Arkansas