Family Histories

Family Histories for the Rose and Kirkpatrick Families

Friday, March 31, 2017

March 31: 82nd Anniversary of the Civilian Conservation Corps

Franklin Roosevelt signed the Emergency Conservation Work Act on March 31, 1935, which created the Civilian Conservation Corps.  The CCC combined two of FDR's interests:  conservation and an agency that would provide youth service and relieve rural unemployment.

Selection agents were hired to recruit young men who were interested in joining; they had to be between the ages of 18 and 25 (later amended to 17 and 28), physically fit, unemployed, unmarried, and have family dependents.  They would be paid $30 a month, $25 of which had to be sent home to their families.   In exchange for their labor, they received housing, food and the opportunity to further their education with basic and vocational education.  Corpsmen worked on soil conservation, reforestation, dug ditches and canals, stocked rivers and lakes, worked on access roads, restored historic battlefields and created state parks and wildlife refuges.

The CCC was not open to women and was segregated; African Americans were in separate camps in most parts of the country.  Service was for a minimum of six months, but many re-enlisted at the end of their first term.

My father-in-law, Mack Kirkpatrick, was living in rural Shelby, Alabama in 1935.  He was 21 years old and had ended his education in 10th grade to support his mother, who was ill with cancer,  and three of his siblings, working a family farm.  He enlisted in the CCC  on June 25, 1935 and listed "three or four months cutting logs - farmed four or five years" as his outdoor work experience.  He had been unemployed for two months.  Mack's mother Lula died in November 1935 and his sister Norma became the recipient of his pay.  He stayed in the CCC until March of 1938, when he became ineligible for re-enlistment due to his age. 

Mack was assigned to State Park No. 5 on top of Lookout Mountain, Alabama, near the Tennessee/Georgia state lines.  The camp, known as Camp DeSoto, was built on land donated by the citizens of Mentone and Ft. Payne, Alabama.  The CCC went to work removing stones from a quarry to build cabins and a lodge.  They also built bridges, roads and culverts, and were working on a bridge to span Straight Creek when WWII broke out and the men left to join the military.  The unfinished bridge still stands in the forest of the park.  This film from the National Archives shows some of the work of the CCC at Alabama State Parks:  

A few years ago, DeSoto State Park opened a museum in one of the gatehouses built by the CCC.  The museum includes a yearbook with Mack's photo included among the men. The museum also includes a replica of the dormitory rooms and other artifacts of the camp.

Mack Kirkpatrick, bottom second from right among "Camp Characters"

The lodge, cabins, pavilions and trails at DeSoto are still used today, and a monument to the men who built them was erected outside the lodge in 1993.

Mack married a young woman he met in Ft. Payne and joined the Navy in WWII.  He had three children and lived most of his adult life in Chattanooga, Tennessee, where he died in 1997. 

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Friends of Friends Friday: Investory of the Estate of Dr. Henry Bourne, Elbert, Georgia 1852

Henry Bourne was a physician born in Virginia in 1793.  He moved to Elbert, Georgia before his 1833 marriage to Mary "Polly" Hutson Heard, the widow of Barnard Heard, son of early Georgia governor Stephen Heard.

Henry Bourne died intestate; his estate was probated in 1852.  Among the inventory, the following slaves are listed:

1 Negro boy, Tom
1 Negro boy, Jerry
1 Negro boy, Sam
1 Negro boy, Manuel
1 Negro man, Zachariah
1 Negro boy, Anthony
1 Negro man, Moses
1 Negro man, Aaron
1 Negro man, Dick
1 Negro man, Gabe
1 Negro man, Billy
1 Negro boy, Pane

1 Negro man Jim
1 Negro woman Floy (?) and child Taylor
1 Negro boy Scott
1 Negro girl Mary
1 Negro woman Esther and child
1 Negro woman Lucky (?)
1 Negro woman Lizzy
1 Negro woman Kitty
1 Negro woman Abigail
1 Negro woman Jane and child
1 Negro woman Martha
1 Negro woman Cloris (?)
1 Negro man Bob
1 Negro man Lot


The document below dated 1858 shows slaves given for hire by Powhatan B. (P.B.) Bourne, Henry's son and still a minor, to Jeptha Denard:  Jim, a man; Jace (?), a boy; and Mary, a girl.  Jane, a woman, and her two children were hired out to Mary Bourne, Powhatan's mother and guardian.  Aaron and Old Man were sold as a credit with Jane.

In April 1859, the following slaves were listed among the share that was owned by Henry Bourne's son, Powhatan.

1 Negro man James
1 Negro man Jerry
1 Negro woman Jane and two children, George & Jeff
1 Negro boy Paul
1 Negro girl Mary
1 Negro man Aaron

Henry Bourne's widow, children and stepchildren all died after the Civil War. 

Friday, March 3, 2017

Friends of Friends Friday: Will of Cary Curry - Baldwin, Georgia, July 1819

Cary Curry, born in Albemarle, Virginia in 1754, moved south to Georgia before his marriage to Mary Cox in 1784 in Warren, Georgia.  He made his will in Baldwin, Georgia in 1819, and died there in 1821. 

In the name of God Amen. I Cary Curry of the County of Baldwin & State aforesaid being in a low state of health but thanks to God of a sound mind & memory, do make ordain & constitute the my last will & testament in manner & form following,
Viz, I give & bequeath unto my Daughter Margaret Willis my negro girl by the name of Silvah with other of my property which she has had. I give & bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth Baker my negro girl by name of Sook with the other property she has had of me. I give & bequeath unto my daughter Nancy Moore my negro boy by the name of Peter and five hundred dollars in cash when collected with the other property she has had of me. I give & bequeath unto my daughter Mary Patterson my negro girl by name of Lucy and five hundred dollars in cash when collected with the other property which she has had of me. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Permela Curry my negro girl Candis and my negro boy Ned & a horse to be worth seventy five dollars when she leaves her mother. I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarry Curry my negro boy Dick and my negro girl Fanny and also a horse to be worth seventy five dollars when she leaves her mother and I give & bequeath unto my son Elijah Curry my negro boy by the name of London and five hundred dollars when collected and I also give & bequeath to my son Cary Curry my negro boy by the name of Enoch & five hundred dollars when collected & he of age. I give & bequeath to my grand son Cary Willis my negro girl by the name of Betsy at the death of my wife, and all the rest & residue of my Estate I give & bequeath unto my beloved wife Mary Curry all my land containing four hundred and forty five acres whereon I now live together with my negroes, Easter, Watt, Tom, Arthur, Rose, Jacob, Major, Joe, Phillip, Henry, Selina & Sophia, to have & to hold during her natural life and at her death to be equally divided amongst my legal heirs & I will all my Stock of Horses, cattle, hogs, sheep, house hold & kitchen furniture, & I give to my beloved wife Mary to dispose of at her will & to give as she sees fit at any time to my children which is now single and also if my wife wishes to move I will that she sell my land at her own discretion and I nominate constitute & appoint my beloved wife Mary Curry sole Executrix of this my last will & testament. In witness thereof, I have set my hand and affixed my seal this day of July 1819.
Signed in the presence of us, John H. Lawson, Robert Miles, John Miles (Cary Curry
Georgia Baldwin County, duly proven in open court on the 20 Jul 1921, John Miles & John H. Lawson, Thos H Kneau Clk. Article about Cary (5903), on 19 Jun 1821. Died at his residence in Baldwin, Mr. Cary Curry, sen., in his 62d year. 

Curry bequeathed a slave named Silvah to his daughter, Margaret Willis, wife of Dempsey Willis of Talbot, Georgia.  Margaret died in 1829; her husband in 1851.  No Dempsey Willis is shown on the 1850 slave schedule.

A slave named Sook was bequeathed to daughter Elizabeth Baker, wife of Jeremiah Baker.  Jeremiah died in 1849 and Elizabeth in 1859, in Alabama.  No will has been found for either and Elizabeth is not listed on the 1850 slave schedule.

Nancy Curry Moore, wife of John Moore, was given a slave named Peter by her father.  Both Nancy and her husband died after the Civil War.

Permelia Curry was bequeathed two slaves named Candis and Ned.  She married Labon Beauchamp in 1819; both of them died in Jackson, Florida in 1856, no wills located.  Neither is recorded on the 1850 slave schedule.

Cary Curry left his daughter Sarah two slaves named Dick and Fanny.  Sarah was married to Peter Colwell (Caldwell) and living in Morgan, Georgia, where she died in 1825.  Peter Colwell died in Alabama in 1849 with no will.

Son Elijah Curry was left a slave named London.  He was married to Susan Sims in 1824 and made his will that same year.  He named his father-in-law, Leonard Sims, executor of his estate.  He die din 1825.   Susan was remarried to Shelman Durham and they moved to Attala, Mississippi, where he died after the Civil War.  Durham is shown on the 1850 slave schedule for Attala, Mississippi with four slaves; two females ages 40 and 26, and two males ages 21 and 13.

Elijah Curry Will

Cary Curry Jr. was bequeathed a slave named Betsy.  He died in Texas after the Civil War.

Cary Willis, Cary Curry's grandson (son of Margaret)  was given a slave named Betsy, and at the death of his grandmother Mary (Cox), the remaining estate.   Mary was left the slaves named Easter, Watt, Tom, Arthur, Rose, Jacob, Major, Joe, Henry, Phillip, Selina, and Sophia. Her death date has not been established.

Cary Willis, an ordained Baptist minister, is shown with 20 slaves on the 1850 Muscogee, Georgia slave schedule and 27 in 1860.  He died after the Civil War.